Diabetes is a chronic disease that affects the respiration process of your body. Your body converts most of the food you eat into sugar (glucose), which is then released into the bloodstream. Insulin is released by your pancreas when the blood sugar level rises.
Insulin is needed to get blood sugar into your body’s cells to give them energy. Unfortunately, in diabetes, the body produces too little insulin or uses it incorrectly.
As a result, too much blood sugar remains in the bloodstream due to insufficient insulin, or the cells themselves stop responding to insulin. This can eventually lead to serious health problems such as kidney disease, vision loss, and heart disease.
Overview of blood sugar levels
You must take the advice of your doctor right away if you have more than 300 mg/dL while driving. In severe cases, incredibly high blood sugar levels (over 300 mg/dL) can lead to coma.
A blood sugar level of 180-250 mg/dl is high. Low blood sugar is when it is below 70 mg/dL. Blood sugar values above 250 mg/dL or below 50 mg/dL are dangerous, and seek medical attention immediately. In general, the ideal blood sugar is between 70 and 130 mg/dL.
Chart for blood sugar levels
Diabetics need to understand their blood sugar levels to maintain their health and avoid complications. In addition, because knowing your blood sugar levels can help you act earlier on undetected blood sugar problems, it can also be beneficial for people who have not been diagnosed with diabetes.
HealthifyPRO 2.0 comes with a portable CGM device. Even if you’re healthy on the outside, it’s smart to understand how food and other lifestyle factors affect blood sugar.
For example, one simple way to reduce blood sugar spikes is to eat the right foods and get enough physical activity to control your metabolic health. It improves general well-being when you use this wonderful tool as a preventive measure. Therefore, HealthifyMe PRO 2.0 is suitable for everyone.
Here are some general guidelines for different blood sugar levels:
- While fasting, the normal sugar level for a non-diabetic person ranges from 70–99 mg/dl (3.9 – 5.5 mol/L), and according to Official ADA recommendations, it is 80–130 mg/dl (4.4 – 7.2 mmol/L).
- After 1 to 2 hours of having a meal, the normal sugar level for a non-diabetic person is less than 140 mg/dl (7.8 mmol/L), and for diabetic people, it is Less than 180 mg/dl (10.0 mmol/L) as per Official ADA recommendations.
- Hemoglobin A1c should be less than 5.7% in a normal non-diabetic person & Less than 7.0% in a diabetic person, as per Official ADA recommendations.
Why is high blood sugar level dangerous?
Hypoglycemia means that a person’s blood sugar rises dangerously high. Hyperglycemia (high blood sugar) is experienced by type 1 and type 2 diabetics and pregnant mothers with gestational diabetes.
Sometimes it can affect non-diabetics as well. But it often only affects the very sick, such as people who have recently had a heart attack, stroke, or serious illness.
To control diabetes, you need to make sure your blood sugar levels are as close to normal as possible. But no matter how careful you are, hyperglycemia can occur in diabetes. Recognizing and treating hyperglycemia is critical because, if left untreated, it can lead to serious health problems. Occasional mild cases that can be easily treated or resolved on their own are usually nothing to worry about. However, hyperglycemia is a danger if the blood sugar rises significantly or persists for a long time.
People with extremely high blood sugar levels can have potentially fatal consequences, such as:
- People with type 1 diabetes are more likely to develop diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA),
- People with type 2 diabetes are more likely to experience a hyperosmolar hyperglycemic state (HHS), which is extreme dehydration caused by the body’s attempt to get rid of excess sugar.
- Regular high blood sugar levels over a long period (months or years) can cause permanent damage to organs such as the eyes, kidneys, blood vessels, nerves, and nervous system.
If you have frequent hyperglycemia, talk to your doctor or a diabetes care professional. You may need to change your medication or lifestyle to maintain proper blood sugar levels.
Why is low blood sugar level dangerous?
Your body’s cells need energy to function. Sugar is the body’s main source of energy, commonly known as glucose.
Hypoglycemia is the medical term for when your blood sugar drops below normal. Low blood sugar can cause a variety of symptoms, but a blood sugar test is the only way to diagnose low blood sugar.
One of the most common causes of low blood sugar is a medication used to treat diabetes. The pancreas can no longer produce insulin when a person has type 1 diabetes. In type 2 diabetes, your pancreas doesn’t produce enough insulin, or your body has trouble using it. Hypoglycemia can be caused by too much insulin or by oral diabetes medications, which lower blood sugar and control both types of diabetes.
Contrary to popular belief, low blood sugar is not the only symptom associated with diabetes; but it can also happen if your body produces more insulin than is considered healthy. Excessive alcohol consumption, especially over a long period, is another possible factor in low blood sugar. This can interfere with the liver’s ability to store glucose and release it into the bloodstream when needed.
Your cells suffer from a lack of energy when your blood sugar is too low. Initial symptoms may be minor, such as hunger and headache. If you don’t raise your blood sugar right away, you can still face serious risks.
You need the right dose of insulin to avoid hyperglycemia or excessive blood sugar. Your blood sugar levels rise when your insulin levels are not enough. On the other hand, if you use too much insulin, your blood sugar will drop dramatically.
How to maintain blood sugar levels?
Blood glucose monitoring is the main tool you can use to determine if your blood glucose is within your target range. It allows you to know your blood sugar at any time.
It is important to keep blood sugar in a healthy range. When glucose level lowers, our body loses our ability to think and function normally, and if they get high, it can damage the body or causes complications for a long duration.
Saving the results is crucial. Bringing the log to your healthcare provider will give you a good idea of how your body is responding to your diabetes treatment. We have a printable blood sugar log to check your levels. You can also buy a smaller blood sugar diary from us to take with you.
If the body does not produce enough insulin or cannot use the insulin, it produces effectively, and blood sugar rises. You can lower your blood sugar by taking insulin.
If your blood sugar is high, talk to your doctor about how much rapid-acting insulin you should take. Also, talk to your doctor about changing your diabetes management strategy if your blood sugar levels are regularly extremely high or low.
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